The department became operational on 1st April, 2016 having stemmed from the well-established department of the Federal Teaching Hospital, Gombe. The department is responsible for bridging the gap between the knowledge of basic sciences acquired in the preclinical with clinical medicine. This forms the basic scientific foundation for all diseases in medicine. The department is involved in training of undergraduate and postgraduate students, research and clinical activities.
The department is furnished with a conventional and digital pathology museum, well equipped laboratory for teaching as well as a standard mortuary for autopsy.